The creation of the state of Chhattisgarh prompted the Director General, Archaeological Survey of India to think for a separate regional office at Raipur for regulating all types of archaeological activities and researches in the newly created state. The dream was materialized in April 2003 and the new office was entrusted with the responsibility of looking after forty five (45) centrally protected monuments/sites, located in different parts of the state which includes temples, caves, forts, megaliths and excavated remains. Today, Raipur Circle is the leading central government organization in the state for all type of archaeological researches including the protection and preservation of cultural heritages. It is needless to say that they are the mute spectator of the glorious past, surviving through the onslaughts of time.
Prior to the formation of this circle, monuments of Chhattisgarh region were under the jurisdiction of different offices of Archaeological Survey of India from time to time such as under the Southern Circle now known as the Hyderabad circle, the Bhopal Circle and the Bhubaneswar circle respectively.
The maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the key concern of the Archaeological Survey of India. It regulates all archaeological activities in the country under the provisions of various acts and rules such as ‘the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 and Rule 1959’, ‘the Antiquities and Art Treasure Act 1972’ and many other laid down in the constitution of India.